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How do you prepare a bathroom and kitchen for remodelling?

When it comes to renovating your home, there is no better place to start than your kitchen and your bathroom. They are considered the two most used places in your entire house. The majority of people believe the cooking area to be one of the essential places in their home. Many people often ask how do you prepare a bathroom and kitchen for remodelling? Below are the steps on how to plan on the remodelling correctly and keep everything under control.

1. Decide on what you are going to change if the remodelling is a partial one or complete.

First of all, be clear about what changes you want to make in your bathroom or kitchen renovations, and the reason for making them. It is because sometimes, we can get carried away on a whim and set aside more primary and functional aspects.

Remember that remodelling should add value to space both aesthetically and practically so that you can enjoy it to the fullest, and even increase the surplus-value of the house or apartment.

If you are thinking of complete remodelling, you should consider changing the shower together with the piping system depending on the number of years the bathroom has been in use. This helps in avoiding future leakages from the pipe.

The most valuable improvement you can make in your is by improving counters. It is crucial to consider the superior quality of their layout and fixtures when you are going to build and design your kitchen.

2. Define your budget

After landing on your idea, establish how much you can spend. Also, you must keep a record of all the expenses that you will pay. For instance, the materials for bathrooms like toilets and sinks or you will decorate with the shower lighting system.

3. Seek inspiration.

This is one of the entertaining parts of planning! You should find ideas and inspiration on how to modify your bathroom or kitchen. It is advisable to select on those that are feasible, and that is within your budget range.

4. Make a list of what you need

Then, so you don’t forget anything, make a list of all the implements and materials that you will need. This will precisely help you know the exact budget that remodelling requires.

5. Look for the best options

With the list in hand, search and compare prices in different places. It may take a little time, but you will better optimize your budget. You must be flexible and know what to give priority to in case your funds are limited.

6. Don’t be afraid to hire an expert.

For everything to be perfect, the support of someone with experience is instrumental. Work with recommended experts that offer you a prudent work period, good result, and the help you need.

When it comes to transmitting your idea, it is vital that you accurately detail your request and describe how you expect the remodelling terminations to be. If you have photos and references, they could be useful to the expert.

Keep track of each stage of the process to get the result you expect in the established time. Ask the expert about the steps of the project and how long it will take in each phase, do not leave with doubts! Being present during the remodel will also allow you to ensure that the right decisions will make.

7. Prepare for remodelling

Check that the electrical, water and gas installations are in good condition; and condition your home to deal with debris and dirt. Do not forget to leave space to store the materials.

Then, set a date to start the project. For this, consider all the factors that may affect the process, such as dispatch materials, furniture, bathroom materials and like porcelain materials or the presence of people in the house. Consider the time it is going to take to be all set and how this period will influence your daily life to take the necessary measures.

In conclusion, it is essential to plan well on what you want before remodelling your bathroom and kitchen. This will help you to utilize the available resources appropriately, which in the long run will lead to positive results.

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What Concrete Polishing Can Do For You?

Concrete flooring is one of the most popular flooring materials in the market. It can be colored, stained and printed to give it a variety of different looks and is known for its durability and easy and low maintenance. However, to fully reap the benefits of concrete flooring and to add to the list of advantages it offers, it is important to polish your concrete floor.

Concrete polishing offers a range of advantages. They are listed below:

  • Concrete polishing involves sealing the surface and making it dense. This tightens the porous concrete into a dense floor material capable of repelling water, oil and other contaminants, thus helping protect the floor from staining.
  • Concrete is one of the most durable materials on earth. Polish and seal that durable surface and you get an even longer life-span of your concrete flooring with considerably lower maintenance costs when compared to other high-end flooring materials.
  • Concrete naturally absorbs heat from direct exposure to sunlight and releases that heat at a rate influenced by the air temperature. This means that rooms with concrete flooring will be cooler in summers and warmer in winters, resulting in reduced usage of air-conditioning and heating. Polished concrete gives the added feature of making the concrete surface highly reflective. This allows for better lighting distribution in the room requiring lower energy consumption, thus contributing to overall reduction in lighting costs incurred by you, the owner.
  • Concrete polishing seals the surface, reducing the need for upkeep, thus reducing overall maintenance costs. Additionally, its reflective qualities can cut your lighting costs by up to 15%, making this one of the most cost-effective flooring options over the long run.
    concrete polishing gives you considerable freedom to choose the kind of design, pattern or look of flooring you want. You can customize your concrete to your exact needs and requirements by choosing from a range of decorative toppings, stains and finishes.

With more and more users becoming environmentally conscious about their choices, it is important to note that concrete polishing is one of the “greenest” flooring options in the market. This is for a variety of reasons. Firstly, concrete polishing is a process uses few if any raw materials. Secondly, most of the times the process of making the floor more attractive involves using crushed glass or metal shavings which are discarded items themselves, given a new life. Thirdly, polished concrete is VOC-free, which means it does not compromise on indoor air quality. Polished concrete is mold-resistant and does not generate dust which means it is particularly suited for individuals with allergies and health issues. Additionally, its ability to reduce electricity consumption means fewer emissions overall. Finally, concrete is 100% recyclable.

Polished concrete offers you a range of advantages, building on the numerous benefits of basic concrete flooring. While polished concrete may feel cold to bare feet, it is not any colder than other flooring options such as concrete floor polishing and its smooth, finished surface makes sure it is not at all abrasive to skin. Polished concrete is particularly suited to people looking for environmentally-friendly flooring material, to people with health issues, to people looking for custom design flooring, to people interested in cost-effective and durable flooring material and to those looking for optimal indoor air quality.

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Gas Heating

Gas-fired duct heating is the most prevalent form of duct heating installed at home.
Most homeowners find that using gas lowers their monthly energy payments and that it burns cleaner as energy costs increase. Once the air has warmed up it is channeled into the ducts through the ventilation slots until it is fully circulated throughout the room. Additionally, it is understood that gas ducted heating are more effective than their alternative, which is a reverse air cycle heater.

Hot air is circulated in duct systems by ducts in the roof or underfloor and provides convective heat. Gas may be the source of heat, or a reverse air conditioner. Plan the system to control heated area expansion and include zoning so that heating can be turned off for unoccupied areas. New energy-efficient homes which meet Australia’s Building Code (BCA) need less heating and less powerful heaters.

Duct heating, also known as central heating, according to is an effective way of heating your entire home. It is not only unnoticeable but also offers additional functions such as heated space access (zoning). With zoning, you can split your house into various parts, so you can decide when and at what temperature areas are heated. Gas-powered heater or reverse air conditioning system may be used to heat the duct.

The greenhouse gas emissions and maintenance costs are typically higher in a house with central heating than with effective room heating. Central heating can often heat a whole house, regardless of whether or not the rooms are occupied individually. In general, space heaters only heat up the room or area where the heater is mounted.

Using room heating only in rooms where heating is needed for an energy-efficient home, or use central heating in zones to lower operating costs. Central heating typically uses more energy than space heating, because it helps to heat much of the room. Nonetheless, an energy-efficient house with central heating will consume less energy than a space-heated inefficient home.

Most central heating systems, usually via ducts or hot water pipes, have high energy losses from the heat distribution systems. The gas pipe heating system is an energy-efficient heating solution for houses during the winter months. Electrical heating systems consume more energy than gas pipe systems, which results in high bills for electricity. With gas pipe systems it is possible to control the heat distribution in different rooms.

Heating the entire house using a duct gas heating system
The system of duct gas heating absorbs, heats and circulates cold air all over the house. The duct gas heating system consists of the core heating unit, a thermostat, ventilation slots, grills, and ducts to bring warm air into each room:

  • The exhaust gas heating systems allow the household head to heat the whole house with a single heating unit.
  • The Brivis gas heating device pulls air through the furnace from your house, where it is heated up.
  • A fan drives it into the rooms of your house in the form of a constant, gentle flow of warm air over the sockets and the duct net.
  • The Brivis controller measures the air temperature continuously and regulates the Brivis gas heating system to ensure a steady warm temperature across the room.

Often, electric heat is more expensive than heat generated by combustion devices such as natural gas, propane, and oil. Baseboard heaters, room heaters, radiant heaters, stoves, wall heaters, or heat storage systems may provide electric resistance heat. Typically, electric heaters are part of a fan chain, which is part of a central air conditioning system.
We pump heat by blowing air over the heating element, which is fed through return air ducts into the furnace.

Hydronic systems provide a mixture of convective and radiant heat and circulate hot water or coolant via radiator panels in the rooms. Hydronic systems are typically fired with gas, but with wood heating, a solar system or a heat pump can be heated. Make sure the water circulation pipes are well insulated and that the pump consumption is regulated with intelligent controls.

A safety valve lets water out of the system when the pressure becomes too high, and when the pressure drops too low, a valve can be opened to replenish water from the normal water source. Hydronic floor heating systems use a boiler or district heating system to heat water and a pump to circulate the hot water in a concrete slab mounted plastic pipes.

The pipes embedded in the floor hold heated water, conducting heat to the floor surface and transferring thermal energy to the space above. Hydronic heating systems are also used in ice and snow melting systems for walkways, parking lots and sidewalks, with frost control solutions.

Some areas have cheap electricity which makes electrical heating economical.
A district heating system uses boilers or water heaters centrally located, and circulates thermal energy to individual customers by circulating hot water or steam. District heating systems may use heat sources that are impractical for use in individual houses, e.g. heavy oil, wood by-products, or (hypothetically) fission.

Gas pipe heating provides a cool, moist form of heating here too
Reverse circulation systems are generally best suited for regions with low heat requirements, such as the New South Wales and Queensland east coastal areas. Gas pipe heating is typically one of the most efficient heating options for the house, especially because gas is much cheaper than electricity.

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What To Consider While Undergoing New Office Fit-Outs

Renovating an office will be one of the most demanding investments your company will have to undergo. The chic spaces and posh layouts all come at a price only those who value quality are willing to pay. It’s not something you latch on to and expect to turn out useful. From appearances to amenities, the boss needs to be keenly concerned about what will help employee scale up their productivity and contribute to the overall growth of the company. As you have to choose the office fitouts which should complement and give a corporate look to your office.

If grocery shoppers do well to prepare a budget before going out to buy, then there’s a considerable premium attached to knowing what you are willing and able to spend on your intended office fit-out. Taking each aspect of the project is crucial, as furniture, IT equipment, HVAC and design are all involved in the process. Get reasonable quotes from the contractors, use them in evaluating the pros and cons of each move you intend making, and finally settle for the best your company can afford.

“Give me something extraordinary” doesn’t always cut it. What are you looking out? For companies, there are many designs out there, but you have to pay attention to the ones that help you communicate brand identity. Every detail in the fit-out should not just reflect your company’s vision, but also speak volumes of your culture and values. A good design team with a decorated project manager will help you visualise and make the organisation-focused concept a reality.

Staff Involvement
In as much as it is your company’s money and effort, it would be amiss if you do not consider the people that would be working in the office daily. Except you want your employees to go bunkers not liking your fit-out idea upon completion, you best involve them in the process to make the process fair and definite. There will be clashes of interest, no doubt, but the idea is to hear them out and find a way to mashup their opinions into a design that favours everyone.

What kind of boss or manager would you be if you don’t have an eye for what’s in fashion? Fitting your office space out can be spiced up with great state-of-the-art ideas such as teleconferencing and public address systems. Trendy fit-out ideas help you carry everyone along and connect with them visually anywhere in the world. There is a myriad of developments springing day in and out – the best you can do is take some of them and contrive a fun-mashup that would almost make your office a tourist centre.

Be Projective
Don’t adopt a fit-out idea just for now. Instead, consider something timeless that will allow you to expand or modify in future. You may need to hire more staff somewhere along the line or bringing in more furniture. You need to account for space-creating ideas such as aisles, doors, hallways and mezzanine levels that will do you a solid in the event of future changes.

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Theatre architect and design

The Perth Theater finally made its way back again in December 2017. It was an award-winning design in the year 2008, but there were many obstacles in its construction. After facing so many problems, the work finally started in the year 2016.

The projects was a conservation attempt as the building dates back to the year 1900 that holds history from as early as 1589. Such an important building in Scotland needs to be restored and conserved.

At first, they have to repair and restore the old building. Then they need to add more to the building so that it can keep up with the demands of the 21st century. Additional function to the building was the workshop, social and performance spaces.

When the project was under construction, the theater was restored and the dressing room was refurbished. Some rooms were broken and reconstructed again to update the entrance of the theater that holds seats for 200 guests.

The new design keeps the box of the theater and exposes its brick wall. The entrance is more exciting and modern. Now there is a triple-height foyer on the entry. This space is connected to all the public facilities of the building.

You can access the community, studio, and cafe from this foyer. The bar sitting and other sitting places are nicely distributed between the ground and the first floor.

Basically, everything new is added to the building with respect to the previous design. To make the design better, the foyer is made in a way to make all spaces accessible from one point of the building. The foyer lets you enjoy the previous theater design with the upgraded new design.

Another new entrance is added to Miller street with the theatre to connect it with this cultural gathering where there is a concert on one side and theater on the other. The high street entrance to this place is also available for people.

There was an objection of the owner that the entrance to the ground floor should not be accessible from the street. But when you enter you will eventually arrive at the foyer, from where you can easily reach anywhere in the structure.

In order to enter the new theater, you need to use the Miller street entrance. The theater is a flat-floored room on the first floor with 200 retractable seats. It is located right above the Miller street access.

The exterior of the building contains metal and glass that reflects on the backlit facade of the theater, claimed interior house Painters. It also has a huge LED TV screen that displays all the performances going on inside.

Apart from these the new theater also has a multifunctional performance room. Sometimes it hosts shows, while other times it can be prepared for a workshop or community space.

On the back of the building, there is a new green room, a few dressing rooms, space for rehearsal, production workshop area. There is also a dock area that is with the entrance. It is staged to bring attention to the two main spaces of the building.

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What does a scenic designer do in theatre?

Theatres are places consisting of seating for the audience and stage where public ceremonies, plays, and music are performed. Theatres are important platforms where individuals can foster and showcase their creativity, talents, and art. This enhances the production of high-quality music, plays and creative art.

What does a scenic designer do in theatre?

A scenic designer also called production or set designer helps in the creation of the visual world of musical and play. They are also involved in communicating and working with the producers, directors, various members of the staff and costume designers. They are also involved in attending rehearsals, reading scripts, producing drawings, plans and viewing outside broadcast sites. Their role is to also estimate set costs, planning and managing budgets.

What are the 6 elements of theatre?


The plot is the arrangement of incidents and events on the stage. The plot comprises of all the clearly defined challenges or problems that the characters are supposed to solve. The plot is different and distinct from a story that shows a systematic detail of events that happen off and on the stage. A plot created by the playwright should be both astonishing and credible.


Characters are agents of the plot and provide reasons or motivations for the incidents in the plot. Vivid and credible characters face various challenges and eventually overcome the obstacles.


The theme is the main reason why the playwright was written. It is the main topic that explains the events and incidents in the play.


Language is the communication gestured or spoken by vivid characters in the play. Characters use the language to express themselves while facing and overcoming difficulties and challenges.


Rhythm is the heart of the play and it’s the pattern or variation of weak or strong elements of sound. Character, plot, spectacle, and language all have their individual and specific rhythms in time. The combination and composition of all these rhythms lead to a final climax that is created by an impelling force of the play.


The spectacle is everything that is heard and seen on the stage. Comprises of what is viewed and heard on the theatre stage such as costumes, sets, actors, sound, and lights.

What are the 4 types of stages?

Arena theatres

This is a large scale auditorium with audiences on all sides with a midpoint stage area. The stage area is rectangular, with tiered seating and looks more like a sports arena.

Proscenium stages

They are stages that have an architectural frame, gently sloped and deep rising away from the audience. They are also called proscenium arch theatres and includes an orchestra pit for live shows and music.

Studio theatres

They are mainly single rooms painted black, usually flexible performance spaces and the first audience row being of the same level as the floor stage. These spaces mostly allow a wide range of productions to be presented.

Thrust stages

The thrust stage is an area that is usually semi-circular and may take any number of sides. These stages are mostly used to increase the intimacy between the audience and the actors.

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What is the design in the Theatre?

Designing theatre is all the decorations you see from the costumes of the actors to the props of the stage. All those things are put there by the theatre designers. They do not have an easy task as they need to find the appropriate props for the play. It is not easy to find those things as there are times when they need to improvise and create one on their own. The design of the theatre needs to make the audience feel like they are there. It is alright to decorate the stage with a lot of props but it won’t be wise to overdo it. The set design is the most important of them all, so it is where the theatre designer put the most effort. The designer will plan for several weeks. The stage design alone could make or break the performance of the play.

What are the areas of Theatre design?

Once you get a look around the stage and see the costumes, sounds, properties, lighting, and scenery, those are the areas of theatre design. Those are the things that make up the stage. The play certainly won’t function without any of those areas. For example, without the lighting, the play won’t be as effective as it should be. The same goes for the costumes as the costume designer should do her job perfectly. It is alright to check out samples of past plays as long as the costumes fit in with the theme of the play.

What is performance architecture?

Performance architecture is the work done for the stage to look as good as it does. Of course, it would require a lot of work from a lot of people. One person won’t be able to get the job done as there are too many things to do. The materials won’t come cheap either as it will certainly be a big investment. It will be all worth it when the audience appreciates the time and effort in making the play a success. That is certainly not an easy as everyone should do their jobs properly. There is a lot of preparation that needs to be done. It is not something that can be done overnight. It takes a few days or even weeks to do it perfectly.

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Why should I use an architect?

An architect will take what you want in a structure and turn it into something amazing. Professionals spent years perfecting their craft so there is no reason why the person can’t be an asset in your project. Another architect benefit would be having someone who will guide you throughout the entire construction process. There will come a time when you don’t know what is going on. You would want someone to ask questions to and that is where the architect comes in. She will tell you what exactly is going on with the construction project. Of course, that person will also update you on when it is expected to finish. She is aware that you are pretty excited for the final product.

Architects are very creative and they will give you solutions you never would have dreamed of. When you change your mind about the project, the architect can do the necessary adjustments for you. You don’t have to think that you will spend a lot just to change a few things. You are the boss for this project and the professional will help you get what you want. Finally, the architect will help you connect with the right professionals for the job.

What is the use of architecture?

The use of architecture is created buildings to improve the way of living life. For example, a building was created and it is open for leasing. When a company leases it for it to be its office, Now, the company will have a new home. They have a place where they can put their operations and where their employees will come to work. It will most likely be in the middle of the business district. Another example is a restaurant. Of course, it will answer one of the basic needs of life which is eating. You will rarely see a building being put up with no clear agenda of what it will become. It will either become a commercial or residential property.

These days, architecture has created many uses for structures. One infrastructure can be used as a restaurant and can also be used as a laboratory. The architect just needs to be creative to find all the uses that can be put to test. It won’t be long before you got several structures that would serve several purposes. For example, you have a hotel that also has a laundromat, a restaurant, and even a spa. This is why many people would stay at hotels even if they just live nearby. They can relax while letting time pass by.

How do architects design?

Architects consider a lot of factors before starting to design something. After those are considered, the professional will make a drawing of the building. Of course, this is not yet the final blueprint of the structure. The client will still have the final say as it is just a draft for what is to come. Expect the architect to be pretty creative though.

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